Confined Space

COTS purpose built confined space training area in Swansea offers a complex and thorough testing of the individuals who attend each course.  The syllabus used for each level of training is accredited by City & Guilds, the country’s leading approval body for low risk, medium risk and high risk courses together with top man, emergency rescue and recovery of casualties.  Courses are offered for both water and non water training requirements in the following areas:

  • Low risk space
  • Medium risk space
  • High risk space
  • Top man function
  • Emergency rescue and recovery of casualties

Our centre is equipped with some of the most advanced equipment available on the market today including Drager PP10 and CF10 emergency breathing apparatus and the latest gas monitors.  This helps ensure the training experience is second to none.  We offer in chamber work stations with industrial valves and taps to undertake realistic tasks during the course, varying levels of tunnels, 700mm access point, full fall arrest system and typical drain cover access, to provide a realistic and changeable environment.

COTS offer a range of methods and dates to complete the City & Guilds qualification including dedicated groups, weekend courses and scheduled dates throughout the year.  Course dates can be found at

How is a Confined Space defined

A confined space is a place which is substantially enclosed (though not always entirely), and where serious injury can occur from hazardous substances or conditions within the space or nearby (e.g. lack of oxygen).

Examples of Confined Space.

  • Sewers
  • Engineering areas
  • Vats
  • Silos
  • Shipping & Containers
  • Pumping Stations
  • Meter pits
  • Valve Chambers
  • Construction sites

The Risk-based approach

The two definitions of a confined space, according to the regulations are:

  1. the space is enclosed
  2. the presence of a specified risk

Upon identifying a confined space a person(s) must undertake a risk assessment to determine the nature of the specified hazards that could be encountered and the probability of encountering them.  This will then lead to the classification of  the confined space as low, medium or high risk and trigger the use of the equipment and procedures appropriate to the confined space environment.

View course dates here

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